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Legal Acceptability
Electronic documents issued on this site contain Qualified Digital Signatures as defined by the EU Digital Signature Directive 1999/EC/93, meaning they have the highest form of legal admissibility under EU law and are equivalent to hand-written signatures. Documents are signed by authorised officials of London School of Economics, whose identity has been formally confirmed and verified. Officials use certified cryptographic hardware devices for increased security when signing documents. Document signatures are always verified online at this site for maximum security.

The digital signatures on documents are maintained on this system for the long term through the use of standards-compliant timestamping and digital signature archival technology.

For more details on legal issues, see the Legal page.